What is a “Logic Model”?

A Logic Model is the evaluation, metric and measurement of your program. The Logic Model tracks the quantitative data of your program. The Logic Model illustrates the program’s inputs, program’s outputs, the actions taken and the short and long-term outcomes. One way of looking at a Logic Model is as a snapshot of the Program Narrative.

The Components

The Logical Model basically illustrates the cause and effect relationship between the program’s activities and the change(s) expected by delivering the program.

Here is a brief description of each component:

Inputs – are the resources used in the program. Resources can include money, the staff, and the partnerships created for the program.

Activities – are the actual methods used in the program, and can include the classes, workshops, training and counseling. The activities can be summed up as the services provided to clients.

Outputs – are the physical results of your program. Outputs include “how many people are to be served”, and “what and how many classes, workshops, training programs, counseling sessions or activities are planned.”

Outcomes – short-term benefits of your program. Outcomes are the benefits or improvement in circumstances as a result of the Outputs.

Tip – Please note, the difference between Outputs and Outcomes. Sometimes, Outputs and Outcomes are confused because of the similarity of the terms. Outputs are what you plan to deliver and Outcomes are the results of your program. Keep in mind the difference when building your Logic Model.


The Logic Model can be formatted as a table, a flow chart or as an Excel worksheet. Select the format that concisely showcases your program. Logic Model templates can be accessed from the Internet. These templates may provide a good guide for creating your Logic Model.

Finally, the steps I have outlined are the standard requirements for the Logic Model. Depending on your program and the requirements of your Funder, you may need additional components. Make sure that your Logic Model is consistent with your Narrative. All elements of the grant submission must tell the same story.

Craft your Logic Model as an excellent representation of your program. Remember your submission presents an image of your professionalism and ability to manage the proposed program. Make sure the Funder see just how good you are!

Good luck and best wishes, Kathi

Believe in possibility and in yourself.